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Antioch University Seattle School Library Endorsement Program: School Library Research

EDU 602 LIBM Program and Collection Management is a required course in the school library endorsement program of Antioch University Seattle

School Library Advocacy Index to Sub Pages

Latest Summary of Research

RESEARCH on the Declining Numbers of School Librarians

School Librarian State of the Union - School Library Journal March 2018

A national overview of the profession, by the numbers

School Librarian, Where Art Thou? by Keith Curry Lance

      The profession is evolving, and there are fewer of us. What has been happening? Here’s what the numbers say.

A Perfect Storm Impacts School Librarian Numbers by Debra Kachel

       Several circumstances created conditions contributing to U.S. school librarian cuts. Here’s a look at likely issues at three levels—national,      state, and local/school district.

Charter Schools, Segregation, and School Library Access by Sarah Butler Jessen

    Who loses? An educational policy analyst looks at the data on school libraries, the charter and choice movement, and questions about racial equity.

There’s Little National Data About School Librarians. What Happened? by Keith Curry Lance

The only two targeted efforts to collected detailed information about school libraries and librarians ended in 2012.

Scholastic's School Libraries Work!

A Compendium of Research Supporting the Effectiveness of School Libraries 2016 edition

The Pennsylvania Study of 2012

Read the article below published online by School Library Journal which included graphics.

Also published as “Librarian Required” in the March 2013 School Library Journal, pages 28-31.

2018 Indiana State Report

Indiana Library Federation is pleased to release the 2018 Status Report on Indiana School Libraries. This point-in-time report provides a snapshot of the staffing and features of Indiana's school libraries. The report highlights both alarming findings and promising practices, as well as five recommendations. Indiana Library Federation has a work plan that includes outreach, professional development, communications and advocacy. 

NEA Study

Research Study Details Growth, Staffing, Resources Trends in School Library/Media Centers: District/Grade Level Data Presented for All 50 States (c2016)

"The role of school library/media centers in student achievement is well documented, and their positive impact on student success is undisputed. A new study by NEA confirms what has long been suspected: staff and resource disparities adversely impact minority ethnic status students and students living in poverty. Recent trends in library closings, staff reductions, and resource allocation policies clearly highlight the fact that education policymakers and administrators do not uniformly agree on either the immediate or the long-term value of library/media centers in public schools. Some continue to be unwilling to support school library/media centers in the wake of school budget cuts and rising costs elsewhere.

NEA conducted a detailed research study of public school library/media centers in all 50 United States and the District of Columbia. The study provides specific information at district, state, and national levels on trends in library/media center growth, staffing and staff qualifications, number and availability of resources (including new technologies), and accessibility and usage of facilities."

Tuck, K. D., Holmes, D. R., & National Education Association. (2016). Library/Media Centers in U.S. Public Schools: Growth, Staffing, and Resources. Executive Summary. In National Education Association. National Education Association.

The Future of School Library Research

DR. STEVE TETREAULT Recommended Resources

Resources that provide research-based evidence highlighting the importance of school library media specialists ("school librarians") and school libraries. If you have additional sources that should be included here, please contact me via email at or via Twitter: @DrTLovesBooks

Why School Libraries & Librarians Matter - Research (Google sheet)

Washington State Impact Study 2015

South Carolina State Impact Study 2014

Read the article summarizing this research at:

GAVIGAN, K., & LANCE, K. C. (2015). Everybody's Teacher. Teacher Librarian43(1), 8-11.

Produced March 16, 2015, this short video highlights the South Carolina study. 

Kachel's School Library Research Summarized

One Question Survey on Research

International Literacy Association Research Brief

Download a new Research Brief from the International Literacy Association: “The Essential Leadership of School Librarians.”

Each brief is rooted in research and includes a bibliography of resources for further reading.

ILA is formerly the International Reading Association, is a global advocacy and membership organization of more than 300,000 literacy educators, researchers, and experts across 128 countries. For more than 65 years, ILA has set the standard for how literacy is defined, taught, and evaluated.


The CSL Research Toolkit introduces you to methods for school library practitioners to tell their story effectively through research. A particular focus on using qualitative measures helps us to support our success stories with solid data.

Library Research Websites

Keith Curry Lance, principal researcher at Library Research Service, Colorado, and author of many of the school library impact studies conducted since the late 1990s.

Impact Studies Conducted by Rutgers University

Ross Todd, Ph.D, was associate professor and chair of the Department of Library and Information Science at Rutgers University and Director of the Center for International Scholarship in School Libraries (CiSSL).

Summarized Research Publications

Library & Education Association Reports

International Research on School Libraries

Stephen Krashen

From Stephen Krshen (email, 9/29/18):

"Here is a paper I did with colleagues a short time ago. National and international data (40 countries)! Replicated again and again. The presence of a library makes a strong contribution to reading test scores, again and again. As usual, poverty is the largest influence (strongly negative) but the library helps balance the effect of poverty!!! I think this is the most important publication of my career. Anyone who wants to eliminate the library or even cut library should have to consider these results."